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SEB: Grasping the Forecasting Nettle

by Robert Pehrson, Global Head of Liquidity Products

Cash flow forecasting has been at the top of treasurers’ lists of priorities for a number of years. For example, it was identified by 55% of treasurers in the SEB/gtnews Cash Management Survey 2007 as their primary objective. According to the same survey a year later, in the light of market events, forecasting was, for the first time, superseded by liquidity management. However, as the previous article highlighted, forecasting and liquidity are closely interlinked, and to be effective at gaining control over cash flow, and ensuring appropriate access to cash, requires treasurers to create regular cash flow forecasts. But why has forecasting been so elusive in the past, and how can this be resolved?

Forecasting challenges

It is not difficult to see why forecasting has remained on the ‘to do’ list for so long. Despite everyone’s best intentions, there are always other priorities and opportunities that arise during the course of a year. For example, over the past ten years, treasurers have made substantial progress in centralising cash into both physical and notional cash pools, with demonstrable value to the business, as well as centralising financial functions such as payments. In contrast, forecasting has the disadvantage that the benefits are more difficult to measure, and tend to be progressive as the forecasting process is refined.