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Overview of Global Regulators

Navigating the ‘alphabet soup’ of global organisations

by Kathleen Hughes, Vice Chair, and Brian Campbell, Chair Investment Committee, IMMFA

Policymakers are engaging globally on regulatory initiatives

  • Momentum continues to build behind reforms to reduce the perceived risk of systemic crisis in money markets. Authorities internationally are working – in parallel and in some cases in collaboration – to reduce the potential for regulatory arbitrage in a globally interconnected industry. More news of proposals is anticipated in the coming months.
  • The roles of the organisations summarised here vary. Only a select few have the authority to submit formal regulatory proposals to be signed into law. Where possible, we have distinguished between those whose function is mainly consultative, to guide and influence reforms, and those able to submit formal regulatory proposals to be signed into law, or to enforce them.

International

There is no single global regulatory or legal authority: regulatory authorities vary by the jurisdictions in which money market funds are registered. Accordingly, there is no single global definition of money market fund requirements. The input from international bodies is primarily consultative, in that they can issue recommendations to guide international practice, and these recommendations may form the basis for enforceable principles in national jurisdictions.

IOSCO – International Organization of Securities Commissions

  • An association of organisations that regulate securities and futures markets around the world. Created in 1983, recognised as the international standard setter for securities markets.
  • The IOSCO Principles, or Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation, are internationally recognised regulatory benchmarks.
  • Worked on the money market reform component of FSB’s recommendations, which are not enforceable but intended to set a benchmark for global practice.
  • In April 2012, IOSCO published a consultation report, Money Market Fund Systemic Risk Analysis and Reform Options, which provided a preliminary analysis of the possible risks that money market funds could pose to financial stability and proposed a broad range of possible policy options. IOSCO sought public comment on the consultation with a due date of June 2012.
  • In October 2012, IOSCO published its final report on policy recommendations for money market funds. IOSCO proposes to conduct a review of the application of these recommendations within two years with a view to assess whether the recommendations should be revised, complemented or strengthened.

Members include the main financial regulators from over 100 countries (including the SEC in the US, Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulation Authority (formerly known as Financial Services Authority)) in the UK, France’s AMF and Germany’s BaFin), who regulate more than 90% of global securities markets. Related committees include a Monitoring Group comprising international financial institutions and regulatory bodies, such as the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, European Commission and Financial Stability Board.